Climate Change & Clean Energy


In 2014, a renewed EU Fluorinated Greenhouse Gases Regulation No 517/2014 (or “F-Gas Regulation”) was adopted to reduce fluorinated gas emissions by two-thirds by 2030, as compared with 2014 levels. This reduction supports EU obligations under the 2016 United Nations Kigali Amendment to the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer (1987). While the phase-down is ongoing, replacing fluorinated gases with climate-friendly alternatives is becoming difficult. Safety standards drastically limit the use of climate-friendly alternatives such as natural refrigerants because of their flammable properties, without reflecting technological developments able to mitigate the risks. ECOS works at both European and international level to reduce the barriers posed by standards to the uptake of natural refrigerants, thus improving the environmental performance of the heating and cooling sector.

What we are working on

  • Life FRONT, a 3-year demonstration project co-funded by the European Union’s Life Programme and aiming at removing barriers posed by standards to flammable refrigerants through lab testing and simulations:;
  • Revision of horizontal standards EN 378 and ISO 5149 setting safety and environmental requirements of refrigerating systems and heat pumps;
  • Following up on the standardisation developments following the European Commission Standardisation Request (M/555) on natural refrigerants;
  • Contribution to the standardisation developments related to the safety of appliances using refrigerants (including the EN 60335 standard series);
  • Making sure that the outcome of F-Gas Regulation Art. 11(6) is achieved, and to ensure consistency between regulatory and standardisation developments;
  • Continued cooperation with the European environmental civil society working on fluorinated gases.

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Contact person

Rita Tedesco
Programme Manager+32 2 894 46 38

ECOS is co-funded by the European Commission and EFTA

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