Climate Change & Clean Energy


In 2014, the EU F-Gas Regulation mandated that fluorinated gas emissions must be reduced by two-thirds by 2030, as compared with 2014 levels. The phase-down is ongoing. Slowly, we are replacing fluorinated gases such as hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) with climate-friendly alternative refrigerants in the refrigeration, air conditioning and heat pump sectors. But the technical complexities of this switch are holding back the transition. Safety standards drastically limit the use of climate-friendly alternatives such as natural refrigerants because of their flammable properties, without reflecting technological developments able to mitigate the risks. Even more worrying are the growing emissions of sulphur hexafluoride (SF6) from the electricity sector – SF6 is the most potent greenhouse gas, with a global warming potential (GWP) 22,200 times higher than CO2. ECOS works at both European and international standardisation level to reduce the barriers posed by standards to the uptake of natural refrigerants. At policy level, we seek to increase the ambition of the F-Gas Regulation, improving the environmental performance of the heating and cooling sector.

What we are working on

  • Revision of horizontal standards EN 378 and ISO 5149 setting safety and environmental requirements of refrigerating systemsand heat pumps;
  • Contribution to standardisation developments related to the safety of appliances using refrigerants(including the EN 60335 standard series);
  • Making sure that the outcome of F-Gas Regulation Art. 11(6) is achieved, and ensuring consistency between regulatory and standardisation developments;
  • Advocacy for a EU F-Gas Regulation aligned with international commitments such as the Montreal Protocol and the Paris Agreement, and follows the ambition of the European Green Deal;
  • Continued cooperation with the European environmental civil society working on fluorinated gases.

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Contact person

Rita Tedesco
Programme Manager+32 2 894 46 38

ECOS is co-funded by the European Commission and EFTA

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