Bioenergy is the conversion of biomass resources, such as agricultural and forest residues, organic municipal waste and energy crops, into useful energy carriers including heat, electricity and transport fuels. Using transport fuels derived from biomass can help reach the EU 10% renewable energy target for transport fuels by 2020, reduce the EU dependency on imported oil and potentially contribute to the reduction of CO2 emissions. The EU Fuel Quality Directive also establishes sustainability criteria for biofuels to reflect their potential to reduce greenhouse gas emission intensity. Standardisation can provide a comprehensive framework for considering environmental, social and economic aspects within the bioenergy supply chain.

Linked to sustainable bioenergy, policy and standardisation work is taking place in the field of sustainable forest management. Unsustainable management in many tropical countries has led to forest degradation and deforestation, contributing to 17.5% of all greenhouse gas emissions. Regulating the chain of custody of wood and wood-based products is paramount to ensure transparency and the accountability of all actors involved throughout the supply chain.

ECOS will work to ensure that relevant standards include ambitious sustainability criteria for bioenergy, and take account of the entire supply chain.


  • Monitor EU developments related to indirect land use change (ILUC) and new associated legal definitions (e.g. highly bio-diverse grassland) including the possible revision of RED
  • Promote widening the scope of standard EN 16214 ‘Sustainability criteria for the production of biofuels and bioliquids for energy applications’ with a view to include indirect effects and more ambitious sustainability criteria
  • Contribute to the development of standard ISO 38200 on criteria for forestry product certification to effectively support the sustainable forestry sector, and do not jeopardise existing standards set by the Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) and the Programme for the Endorsement of Forest Certification schemes (PEFC)
  • Contribute to the development of horizontal standard ISO 22095 ‘Chain of Custody’ and promote the inclusion of strong chain of custody requirement in order to increase the transparency of environmental claims made on products and the accountability of companies making such claims


ECOS contributes to:

  • ISO/PC 248: Sustainability criteria for bioenergy
  • ISO/PC 287: Chain of custody of wood and wood-based products
  • CEN/TC 383: Sustainably produced biomass for energy applications
  • ISO/TC 207: Environmental Management Systems
  • ISO/PC 308: Chain of custody

Standardisation requests from the European Commission and EFTA

Not applicable


DSC_0466For more details on ECOS’ participation in bioenegry and chain of custody standards, please contact:

Mathilde Crêpy– Programme Manager

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